Cardiomyopathy is the disease of heart muscle. There are three types of cardiomyopathy: dilated cardiomyopathy, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and restrictive cardiomyopathy. All these three types affect the muscles of heart, and at times make it hard to pump blood and the delivery of blood to the body is affected. Coronary artery disease and valvular heart disease are the causes of cardiomyopathy.
Cardiomyopathy is a curable disease and the treatment solely depends on the type of cardiomyopathy one is infected with and the level of seriousness. Medications and implanted devices are used for the treatment. In severe cases heart transplant is suggested.
Symptoms of Cardiomyopathy
In the early stages of cardiomyopathy the patient may not have any symptoms at all but with the advancement of cardiomyopathy signs and symptoms gradually starts to emerge. The symptoms of cardiomyopathy are as follows:
- Breathlessness (During exertion or at rest)
- Bloating (distention of abdomen with liquid or fluid)
- Swelling (on legs, ankles, and feet)
- Irregularities sin heart beat (fluttering, pounding and rapidness)
- Faintness, lightheadedness and dizziness
Regardless of the fact that a person is suffering from which type of cardiomyopathy, in case proper treatment is not carried on the signs and symptoms continue to get worse. In certain cases the symptoms rapidly get worse where in others the phase of worsening takes long time to appear.
Causes of Cardiomyopathy
The cause of cardiomyopathy is mostly unknown. However in certain cases doctors are successful in figuring out the root cause of cardiomyopathy. Possible reasons of cardiomyopathy are as follows:
- Long-term high blood pressure
- Heart tissue damaged in a heart attack
- Problems with heart valves
- Disorder in metabolism for example diabetes or thyroid disease
- Chronic quick heart rate
- Deficiency of nutritions – minerals and essential vitamins for example thiamin (Vitamin B-1), magnesium, calcium and selenium
- Excessive use of alcohol
- Drugs abuse and the use of anti-depression medicines
- Chemotherapy drugs or the use of radiation to treat the cancer
- Viral infections that are potent to damage heart and to initiate cardiomyopathy
Hemochromatosis is a metabolic disorder and as result body remains unable to properly metabolize the iron and builds up in different organs especially heart muscles. The situation can weaken the heart muscle and lead to dilated cardiomyopathy.
Types of Cardiomyopathy
There are three types of cardiomyopathy.
It is the most common form of cardiomyopathy. The main pumping section of one’s heart, that is the left ventricle, becomes large (dilated). The condition affects the flow of blood throughout the heart. The type can infect all age groups however it mostly occurs in the people of middle age and more common in men as compared to woman. A number of those people who are diagnosed with cardiomyopathy have a family history of same condition.
The condition involves the abnormal growth or the thickening of one’s heart muscles. This condition badly affects the pumping chamber of one’s heart. With the process of thickening, heart starts to get stiffer and the size of pumping chamber starts to shrink and the ability of heart to provide the body with blood is badly affected.
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a condition that can emerge at any stage of age however the condition makes one worse if it has stuck in the childhood. It is mostly associated with the family history and also with the genetic mutation.
In this condition the muscles of infected person gets less elastic and more rigid. It means that heart becomes incompetent to get filled during each heart beat. Restrictive cardiomyopathy can be diagnosed in people of all ages however it is more close to strike the older people. The restrictive cardiomyopathy can appear as a result of some other disease that is indirectly affecting the heart for example amyloidosis.
Cardiomyopathy is a curable disease but like all other heart disease as well as diseases of other organs of the body it is of vital significance to diagnose the condition in an early stage. In case or late evaluation it is suggested that proper treatment is carried to avoid any kind of mishap.