Congestive heart failure (CHF) or heart failure is the condition in which heart is not able to pump enough blood to the body so it can meet its basic requirements. The disease is a result of high blood pressure and coronary artery disease that makes the heart too weak or too hard to properly fill up with blood and to pump it efficiently.
It is not possible to reverse the conditions that lead to the failure of heart however after the heart failure good results can be gradually achieved. If you start immediate treatment of signs and symptoms that depicts heart failure than the chances of survival are multiplied. Substantial changes in lifestyle for example less intake of salt, regular exercise, managing increasing stress, losing weight and treating depression can help in the prevention of fluid buildup.
The best way to avoid the heart failure is to manage the risk factors and controlling the high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, obesity and coronary artery disease.
Symptoms of Heart Failure
Acute heart failure is a condition that a person at once feels due to the emergence of onset signs and symptoms. Heart failure is a disease that is chronic and develops very slowly and is a long term condition. Congestive heart failure is a condition that comes when blood is congesting or backing up in liver, lungs, abdomen and lower extremities.
We can discuss the signs and symptoms of heart failure with respect to the various types of heart failure. Some of the signs are as follows:
Chronic Heart Failure
There are long term signs and symptoms that persistently prevail.
- Rapid and irregular heart beat
- Dyspnea that is the shortness of breath when you exercise or exhaust or even during rest
- Weakness and fatigue
- Decreased ability to exercise
- Edema (swelling) in the patients’ feet, ankles and legs
- Wheezing or constant cough with pink or white blood stained phlegm
- Swelling of abdomen
- From fluid sudden weight gain
- Reduced alertness and difficulty in concentration
- Nausea and lack of appetite
Acute Heart Failure
The ability of a person’s heart is suddenly affected when emergency occurs as the reaction of sudden affect. Signs and symptoms of acute heart failure are:
- More severe all those signs and symptoms that have been witnessed in chronic heart failure while the signs start to worsen at once
- The buildup of fluid suddenly
- Chest pain resulted by the heart attack
- Severe or sudden shortness of breath and the coughing up of foamy, pink mucus
- Irregular hear beat or rapid heart beat that severely affect the heart and may cause it to stop at once
Additional Observations for the Patients of Acute and Chronic Heart Failure
Your doctor besides knowing that your heart failure is chronic or acute will also take notice of few other signs such as:
- Heart filled with blood,
- Heart failed to pump,
- And both.
Heart failure can involve the right side, the left side or both sides of heart. The most typical heart failure is found with the left side and commonly in left ventricle that is the main pumping chamber of one’s heart.
Diastolic Heart Failure
The diastolic heart failure also known as heart failure with normal ejection fraction is the condition in which the left ventricle of heart can not fill fully or relax and includes the problem with filling.
In past it was assumed that systolic heart failure is the most frequently seen condition that is not very serious however the advancement of study and research have pronounce the assumption incorrect. Isolated diastolic heart failure is as common as systolic heart failure and have same prognosis.
It is pertinent to figure out that one is suffering from which type of heart failure whether it is systolic, diastolic or a combination of both because the treatment of three states is far different from each other in terms of drugs.