Risk Factors of Heart Disease

Heart Diseases

Coronary risk factors are the factors that can increase one’s risk to have a heart attack. These factors are responsible for contributing in the establishment of atherosclerosis that can narrow the arteries throughout the body in addition to the coronary arteries that take blood to your heart. We have hear by encompassed some of the reasons that can lead one to the coronary risk factors.

Smoking tobacco

The long term exposure of a person to the smoke or even the passive smoking can allow the deposits of cholesterol and other builds up to collect and settle down in the way of the blood in arteries. The risk factor of forming blood clots that leads to heart attack is also enhanced by the smoking.

Hypertension

Blood pressure is the measure of the amount of blood that heart pumps and the amount of resistance offered by arteries to the flow of blood. An over time BP can damage one’s heart by initiating atherosclerosis. It is true that the rise in blood pressure corresponds with increasing age but the Americans develop blood pressure due to their large intake of salt in day to day diet and over-weight. High blood pressure can also be a genetic problem.

Triglyceride level and high blood cholesterol

A major part of deposits that hinder in the path of arteries is cholesterol. High level of low quality or bad cholesterol in one’ body multiplies the risk of having a heart attack. Low density lipoprotein (LDL) commonly named as bad cholesterol is famous for narrowing the arteries. High LDL is a byproduct of diet saturated with high fats and cholesterol and is undesirable to body. Triglycerides are a type of fat that is constituted in our diet, high level of triglycerides is also not required. Moreover, the high level of high density lipoprotein cholesterol helps the body in cleaning excessive cholesterol and also helps in decreasing the risk of acquiring a heart attack.

Lack of exercise

The life without physical activity increased the cholesterol level in blood and obesity. The cardiovascular fitness of those people who regularly takes aerobic exercise is far better that those who do not and the risk of suffering from heart attack is less in those who regularly do aerobics. Exercise is very helpful in controlling and lowering high blood pressure.

Obesity

people whose body mass index are 30 or higher, mean those who have high portion of fat are more likely to suffer from heart attack. Obesity increases the risk of heart attack because it is related to the high cholesterol level in blood and also plays vital part in diabetes and high blood pressure.

Diabetes

Diabetes is a disease that refers to the body’s inability to properly utilize insulin or producing insulin. Insulin is secreted by the pancreas and enables the body cells to utilize glucose. Diabetes mostly appears in middle age and in over weight people but it is also diagnosed in children. Diabetes increases the risk of developing heart attack by many folds.

Stress

The right attitude at critical circumstances play a significant role in determining one’s stress level. In case one is tense then under nervous tension he or she may rely upon smoking or overeating. Too much over eating leads to obesity and too much stress and anger increases blood pressure. Stress and anger are a common cause to trigger a heart attack.

Drugs/Alcohol

The HDL (high density lipoprotein) level is increased if alcohol is taken in moderation. This can work as a shield against heart attack. However excess of everything is bad. A man must not drink more than two drinks a day where a woman must not exceed the limit of one drink a day. Triglycerides level and the blood pressure is increased by the excessive use of alcohol and in turn increases one’s exposure to heart attack. Other drugs like cocaine also increase the risk of developing heart attack.

Family history

Family history is a factor that matters in a number of diseases. If one’s grandparents, parents or siblings have suffered from a heart attack it points that the person is also at risk. It is possible that a certain family has a genetic status that increases the cholesterol level of the blood. It is also important that high blood pressure runs into a number of families.

Homocysteine, fibrinogen and C-reactive protein

All those people whose level of homocysteine, fibrinogen and C-reactive protein is high are at greater risk of suffering from heart attack. Research has suggested that the level of homocysteine can be lowered by the use of folic acid supplements and of course by the healthy diet. Levels of fibrinogen and C-reactive protein can be controlled by discouraging other factors that can lead to a heart attack such as quitting smoking, exercising and lowering the intake of cholesterol.

People can help themselves in reducing the risk factor of going through first or second heart attack. However there is no hard and fast rule that the above mentioned risk factors will only lead one to a heart attack. There could be other reasons as research is still going on. The risk of suffering from a heart attack is more in men as compared to women. After the age of 55 or after menopause the risk of developing a heart attack increases in women. Please remember that if your mother has a heart trouble at the age of 65 and your father has a heart attack at the age of 55 then you are most likely to suffer from a heart attack. It is advised to change your eating habits and life style as early as possible.